修改kubeadm搭建集群的证书时间

(1)、查看当前的证书时间

# kubeadm alpha certs check-expiration  [check-expiration] Reading configuration from the cluster...  [check-expiration] FYI: You can look at this config file with 'kubectl -n kube-system get cm kubeadm-config -oyaml'    CERTIFICATE                EXPIRES                  RESIDUAL TIME   CERTIFICATE AUTHORITY   EXTERNALLY MANAGED  admin.conf                 Jun 20, 2021 11:21 UTC   364d                                    no  apiserver                  Jun 20, 2021 11:21 UTC   364d            ca                      no  apiserver-etcd-client      Jun 20, 2021 11:21 UTC   364d            etcd-ca                 no  apiserver-kubelet-client   Jun 20, 2021 11:21 UTC   364d            ca                      no  controller-manager.conf    Jun 20, 2021 11:21 UTC   364d                                    no  etcd-healthcheck-client    Jun 20, 2021 11:21 UTC   364d            etcd-ca                 no  etcd-peer                  Jun 20, 2021 11:21 UTC   364d            etcd-ca                 no  etcd-server                Jun 20, 2021 11:21 UTC   364d            etcd-ca                 no  front-proxy-client         Jun 20, 2021 11:21 UTC   364d            front-proxy-ca          no  scheduler.conf             Jun 20, 2021 11:21 UTC   364d                                    no    CERTIFICATE AUTHORITY   EXPIRES                  RESIDUAL TIME   EXTERNALLY MANAGED  ca                      Jun 18, 2030 11:21 UTC   9y              no  etcd-ca                 Jun 18, 2030 11:21 UTC   9y              no  front-proxy-ca          Jun 18, 2030 11:21 UTC   9y              no

(2)、下载源码

git clone https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes.git

(3)、切换到自己的版本,修改源码,比如我的是v1.17.2版本

cd kubernetes  git checkout v1.17.2

vim cmd/kubeadm/app/constants/constants.go,找到CertificateValidity,修改如下

....  const (          // KubernetesDir is the directory Kubernetes owns for storing various configuration files          KubernetesDir = "/etc/kubernetes"          // ManifestsSubDirName defines directory name to store manifests          ManifestsSubDirName = "manifests"          // TempDirForKubeadm defines temporary directory for kubeadm          // should be joined with KubernetesDir.          TempDirForKubeadm = "tmp"            // CertificateValidity defines the validity for all the signed certificates generated by kubeadm          CertificateValidity = time.Hour * 24 * 365 * 100  ....

(4)、编译kubeadm

make WHAT=cmd/kubeadm

编译完生成如下目录和二进制文件

# ll _output/bin/  total 76172  -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  6799360 Jun 20 21:08 conversion-gen  -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  6778880 Jun 20 21:08 deepcopy-gen  -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  6750208 Jun 20 21:08 defaulter-gen  -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  4883629 Jun 20 21:08 go2make  -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  2109440 Jun 20 21:09 go-bindata  -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 39256064 Jun 20 21:11 kubeadm  -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 11419648 Jun 20 21:09 openapi-gen

(5)、备份原kubeadm和证书文件

cp /usr/bin/kubeadm{,.bak20200620}  cp -r /etc/kubernetes/pki{,.bak20200620}

(6)、将新生成的kubeadm进行替换

cp _output/bin/kubeadm /usr/bin/kubeadm

(7)、生成新的证书

cd /etc/kubernetes/pki  kubeadm alpha certs renew all

输出如下

[renew] FYI: You can look at this config file with 'kubectl -n kube-system get cm kubeadm-config -oyaml'    certificate embedded in the kubeconfig file for the admin to use and for kubeadm itself renewed  certificate for serving the Kubernetes API renewed  certificate the apiserver uses to access etcd renewed  certificate for the API server to connect to kubelet renewed  certificate embedded in the kubeconfig file for the controller manager to use renewed  certificate for liveness probes to healthcheck etcd renewed  certificate for etcd nodes to communicate with each other renewed  certificate for serving etcd renewed  certificate for the front proxy client renewed  certificate embedded in the kubeconfig file for the scheduler manager to use renewed

(8)、验证结果

kubeadm alpha certs check-expiration

输出如下

[root@k8s-master pki]#  kubeadm alpha certs check-expiration  [check-expiration] Reading configuration from the cluster...  [check-expiration] FYI: You can look at this config file with 'kubectl -n kube-system get cm kubeadm-config -oyaml'    CERTIFICATE                EXPIRES                  RESIDUAL TIME   CERTIFICATE AUTHORITY   EXTERNALLY MANAGED  admin.conf                 May 27, 2120 13:25 UTC   99y                                     no  apiserver                  May 27, 2120 13:25 UTC   99y             ca                      no  apiserver-etcd-client      May 27, 2120 13:25 UTC   99y             etcd-ca                 no  apiserver-kubelet-client   May 27, 2120 13:25 UTC   99y             ca                      no  controller-manager.conf    May 27, 2120 13:25 UTC   99y                                     no  etcd-healthcheck-client    May 27, 2120 13:25 UTC   99y             etcd-ca                 no  etcd-peer                  May 27, 2120 13:25 UTC   99y             etcd-ca                 no  etcd-server                May 27, 2120 13:25 UTC   99y             etcd-ca                 no  front-proxy-client         May 27, 2120 13:25 UTC   99y             front-proxy-ca          no  scheduler.conf             May 27, 2120 13:25 UTC   99y                                     no    CERTIFICATE AUTHORITY   EXPIRES                  RESIDUAL TIME   EXTERNALLY MANAGED  ca                      Jun 18, 2030 11:21 UTC   9y              no  etcd-ca                 Jun 18, 2030 11:21 UTC   9y              no  front-proxy-ca          Jun 18, 2030 11:21 UTC   9y              no

查看集群状态是否OK。

[root@k8s-master pki]# kubectl get node  NAME         STATUS   ROLES    AGE    VERSION  k8s-master   Ready    master   127m   v1.17.2  k8s-node01   Ready    <none>   94m    v1.17.2  k8s-node02   Ready    <none>   95m    v1.17.2  [root@k8s-master pki]# kubectl get pod -n kube-system  NAME                                       READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE  calico-kube-controllers-589b5f594b-76vwr   1/1     Running   0          93m  calico-node-4qvfj                          1/1     Running   0          93m  calico-node-cn79s                          1/1     Running   0          93m  calico-node-sppn9                          1/1     Running   0          93m  coredns-7f9c544f75-hc5q5                   1/1     Running   0          127m  coredns-7f9c544f75-z77s8                   1/1     Running   0          127m  etcd-k8s-master                            1/1     Running   0          114m  kube-apiserver-k8s-master                  1/1     Running   0          115m  kube-controller-manager-k8s-master         1/1     Running   0          114m  kube-proxy-6kckk                           1/1     Running   0          94m  kube-proxy-r7mn2                           1/1     Running   0          127m  kube-proxy-zf48c                           1/1     Running   0          95m  kube-scheduler-k8s-master                  1/1     Running   0          114m

更新kubeconfig

kubeadm init phase kubeconfig all --config kubeadm.yaml  [kubeconfig] Using kubeconfig folder "/etc/kubernetes"  [kubeconfig] Using existing kubeconfig file: "/etc/kubernetes/admin.conf"  [kubeconfig] Using existing kubeconfig file: "/etc/kubernetes/kubelet.conf"  [kubeconfig] Using existing kubeconfig file: "/etc/kubernetes/controller-manager.conf"  [kubeconfig] Using existing kubeconfig file: "/etc/kubernetes/scheduler.conf"

将新生成的 admin 配置文件覆盖掉原本的 admin 文件:

mv $HOME/.kube/config $HOME/.kube/config.old  cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config  chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

完成后重启 kube-apiserver、kube-controller、kube-scheduler、etcd 这4个容器即可,我们可以查看 apiserver 的证书的有效期来验证是否更新成功:

$ echo | openssl s_client -showcerts -connect 127.0.0.1:6443 -servername api 2>/dev/null | openssl x509 -noout -enddate  notAfter=Aug 26 03:47:23 2021 GMT

到此证书修改完成。

如果github上下载很慢的话可以到gitee上下载,地址:https://gitee.com/mirrors/Kubernetes/tree/master/

不过证书修改虽然完成了,但是kubelet的证书并没有更新,这时候我们可以开启证书自动轮转。

(1)增加 kubelet 参数

修改/usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service

--feature-gates=RotateKubeletServerCertificate=true

(2)增加 controller-manager 参数

修改controller-manager的yaml文件

--experimental-cluster-signing-duration=87600h0m0s  --feature-gates=RotateKubeletServerCertificate=true

(3)创建 rbac 对象

创建rbac对象,允许节点轮换kubelet server证书:

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1  kind: ClusterRole  metadata:    annotations:      rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: "true"    labels:      kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: rbac-defaults    name: system:certificates.k8s.io:certificatesigningrequests:selfnodeserver  rules:  - apiGroups:    - certificates.k8s.io    resources:    - certificatesigningrequests/selfnodeserver    verbs:    - create  ---  apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1  kind: ClusterRoleBinding  metadata:    name: kubeadm:node-autoapprove-certificate-server  roleRef:    apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io    kind: ClusterRole    name: system:certificates.k8s.io:certificatesigningrequests:selfnodeserver  subjects:  - apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io    kind: Group    name: system:nodes

查看证书时间

openssl x509 -in ca.crt -noout -text | grep "Not"

原文出处:coolops -> https://www.coolops.cn/posts/kubernetes-update-tls-time/

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